At this time the male became very active, chasing and displaying to the females. The Bolivian Ram is an egg layer that prefers soft to medium hardness, neutral pH and slightly raised water temperatures (25-28°C). The males will have a much smaller vent that looks like its pointing back towards their tail. Breeding: Ram females like to lay their eggs on flat rocks on the bottom of the aquarium. Some of those known in the aquarium hobby include Aphyocharax alburnus, Gymnocorymbus ternetzi, Hemigrammus lunatus, H. ocellifer, Hyphessobrycon agulha, H. bentosi, H. serpae, Moenkhausia colletti, Thayeria boehlkei, Tyttocharax tambopatensis, Carnegiella striata, Gasteropelecus sternicla, Nannostomus trifasciatus, Pyrrhulina australe, Brochis splendens, Corydoras acutus, C. hastatus, Rineloricaria spp., Pseudohemiodon spp., Apistogramma linkei, Biotodoma cupido, Geophagus megasema, Mesonauta festivus and Satanoperca jurupari. The Bolivian ram grows a little larger than it's Venezuelan cousin, male reaching about 10 cm (4 in.) Highly respected and experienced aquarist, Pam has visited cichlid habitats around the world, and bred in her's and her husband Gary fish house hundreds of cichlid species. Being a peaceful fish, the Bolivian Ram makes a wonderful addition to the community tank, is compatible with other peaceful fish. 1982. The difference will become much more noticeable after the fish is a few months older. $19.00. The Bolivian Ram also requires a few caves in which to hide in and stones to spawn on. Bolivian Ram Cichlid - REGULAR live freshwater aquarium fish . ), therefore I wanted a Bolivian Ram, not only are they part of my race, but the "Rio Mamore" is about 40 minutes from where my family lives, Eastern side! Two days after the depression around the cleaned rock had been dug, the female's breeding tube could be seen. There are several variations of this Cichlid for sale in this online store. Source: I love rams. The spawning lasted for about sixty minutes, resulting in a circular plaque of about 125 eggs. The fry may be left with the adults, however, the numbers decrease quickly in a community aquarium, as the parents are not particularly efficient at defending the mobile fry. Aside from the size differences, male M. altispinosa are slimmer and less stocky than females, and also have extensions on the upper and Inner rays of the caudal fin. In the Vancouver area, the M. altispinosa offered for sale tend to be a little thin into any kind of competitive environment. Crenicaratini – Biotoecus, Crenicara, Dicrossus and Mazarunia. The genus Mikrogeophagus currently contains just two recognised species. The main reason I assumed these two were male and female were based on their behavior in the LFS tank. The following is a very brief explanation as to the reason I have used Microgeophagus in this article for the Bolivian Ram. It is advised to find a filter which has a water flow between 4-5 times the volume of your aquarium. The Bolivian Ram is an omnivore, and will consume a wide variety of foods. They will both swim over the same area, and then the male will start to guard. Comments: These are fabulous fish with vibrant colors. 11 images available; click on one to open viewer. Then the male would take up station over the spawn, fanning in the same manner as the female. The female moved the wrigglers by mouth into the depression that had been dug beside the spawning rock. Groups of peaceful, open water-dwelling characids or similar are particularly recommended tankmates since the presence of small schooling or shoaling fishes appear to be considered an indicator that there is no immediate threat in the vicinity and therefore can help reduce shyness. Reproduction: Bolivian Rams are egg-layers. Weekly 30% water changes and regular filter cleaning maintained water quality acceptable to these cichlids. Trade section The master list of cichlid offers ordered by area and species name. The eggs are normally laid on a solid surface such as a flat rock, piece of driftwood, broad plant leaf or directly on the aquarium glass, and spawning occurs in typical style with the female laying one or more rows of eggs before the male moves in to fertilise them, this process being repeated numerous times. The eggs should appear to be a light greyish colour to start with, and then in around twenty four hours they should change to an amber colour. The Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus) is known under many common names: Butterfly Ram, Bolivian Butterfly Cichlid and Ruby Cichlid. Females have a slightly extended filament in their tail fin. To prevent further losses due to nitrate, I did a 30-50% water change every other day, combined with regular filter cleanings. Hi now the question is can i have 2 bolivian rams (male and female) and 2 german rams together in a 29 gallon tall tank ? are benthophagous by nature, normally taking mouthfuls of substrate which are sifted for edible items with the remaining material expelled via the gill openings and mouth, although they will also browse solid surfaces and snatch items directly from the water column.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'seriouslyfish_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',112,'0','0'])); In the aquarium they should be offered a variety of live and frozen fare such as bloodworm, Artemia, Daphnia, grindal worm, etc. While not as popular as M. ramirezi, M. altispinosa has a lot to recommend it. The Bolivian Ram is an egg layer that prefers soft to medium hardness, neutral pH and slightly raised water temperatures (25-28°C). $9.99. Other décor can consist of wood roots and branches placed such a way that plenty of shady spots and caves are formed, plus one or two flat rocks or similar to provide potential spawning sites. Both the male and female share the rearing of the fry, and it has been reported that they will take them into their mouths to protect them like a mouth brooder. That I think is a male but some say it's a girl but I think it's a boy.I am going to get it a mate when some come in at the lfs in the next month or so. Some debate still exists concerning the correct genus for the rams, however, compelling arguments have been made by Robins and Bailey (1982) and Langhammer (1991)) in favour of Microgeophagus. catfishes can also be included and many smaller loricariids are also suitable. They can be started on live, newly hatched , with prepared foods added later as they grow. Filtration, or at least water flow, should not be excessive and very large water changes are best avoided with regular changes of 10-15% recommended. This make it difficult to find information regarding these fishes. Aquatic plants can also be used with those from genera such as Microsorum, Taxiphyllum, Cryptocoryne and Anubias perhaps most useful since they can be grown attached to the décor, although none of these are native to South America. The Bolivian ram, with morphology and spawning behavior far more similar to the Venezuelan ram than Apistogramma , was also placed in Microgeophagus. Maintaining this ratio will help minimize the male’s aggression towards the females. Apistogramma Cacatuoides Triple Red Juvenile - 1/2" to 1" $15.00 to $50.00. Interestingly they have a small series of spiky ray shaped fins and tails – this is a typical characteristic of ray-finned fishes. Both male and female participate equally in brood care. They are separated from one another in a geographical sense with M. ramirezi occurring in Venezuela and Colombia and M. altispinosa native to Bolivia and western Brazil. Aquarium-bred juveniles at 17 weeks of age. The Bolivian Ram is an omnivore, and will consume a … According to the hobby and scientific literature, these fish, and the Venezuelan ram, have had a perplexing momenclatural history. The Bolivian Ram also called the Butterfly Ram and the Red Ram is a social fish that will form pairs and often remains "faithful" to each other. Click on the following links to search for high quality live, frozen and dry food: To find other high quality, highly recommended foods click. $19.99 shipping. Better if you can get a side shot of them with their fins extended. Males chasing females can be part of normal behavior. Geophagini – Geophagus, Mikrogeophagus, ‘Geophagus‘ brasiliensis group, ‘Geophagus‘ steindachneri group, Gymnogeophagus, Satanoperca, Biotodoma, Apistogramma, Apistogrammoides and Taeniacara. aff. I recently purchased two Bolivian Rams from a large LFS (that was actually really far away) and I think they are male and female but I'm not an expert on Rams. A male and female pair can work in a tank of 30 gallons ( 30 gallon long tank better) or more, just make sure you have lots of rocks and caves for hiding. No representatives of Teleocichla or Mazarunia were included in the study but the former is well-established as sisterto Crenicichla while the latter has grouped closely with Dicrossus and Crenicara in earlier works. Being a peaceful fish, the Bolivian Ram makes a wonderful addition to the community tank, is compatible with other peaceful fish. Hobbyists looking for information on these fishes would be well advised to use Microgeophagus and Papiliochromis, the two names commonly used in the literature. Make sure they are about the same size. The dorsal fin of a female Bolivian Ram contains rays arranged in a progressive slope. – a ‘crenicarine clade’ with Biotoecus and Crenicichla. Both the male and female share the rearing of the fry, and it has been reported that they will take them into their mouths to protect them like a mouth brooder. Papiliochromis was accepted in both hobbyist and scientific literature until Bailey and Robins (1982) concluded that Microgeophagus sensu Axelrod (1971) was the oldest available name for a cichlid genus with A. ramirezi as type species, and thus should be considered valid. © Copyright 1997 Lee Newman, all rights reserved. The males will have long, extended pectoral fins when mature - much longer than the females. Bolivian Ram Cichlids can be kept solo or with other fish. I lost the entire first brood to nitrate toxicity before realizing their sensitivity to it. Another rather obvious precaution is to not crowd the fry excessively during the first few months. A black 'spot' is in the center of the body and a black line runs from the top of the … Detail of head and anterior portion of body. This is a video that tells the sure fire way to tell if you have a male or female bolivian ram. The Bolivian Ram is a very beautiful, small, and peaceful cichlid, also called the Butterfly Ram and the Red Ram, is a social fish that will form pairs There are … The males will be much smaller and pointy. On the other hand, female specimens usually don’t reach 3 inches at all. Kullander (1998) used Mikrogeophagus, a name he considered the oldest available based on its inclusion as a valid name in Jeg har akvarium, a Danish language aquarium book published in 1968, with Microgeophagus sensu Frey (1957) an unavailable nomen nudum lacking both a diagnosis and type species.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'seriouslyfish_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',113,'0','0'])); The genus Mikrogeophagus is thus attributed to Jens Meulengracht-Madsen, 1968, who authored the relevant sections in the book (it was edited by Schiøtz and Christensen), but it is considered an ‘involuntary’ nomenclatural act because the author believed he was using an existing name. Mikrogeophagus spp. total length, females remaining a little smaller. While often, male cichlids are extra colourful than the ladies, Bolivian rams are some of the exceptions to that rule. Unless sexable adults are available it is best to begin with a group of young fish and allow pairs to form naturally. in Bolivia; the Rio Quizer near San Ramon; the depression below Todos Santos in Bolivia and at the mouth of the Igarape near Guajara-Mirim in Brazil. Richter (1989), reports M. altispinisa from the Rio Mamore around the junction the Rio Guapore, near the town of Trinidad; the river basin of the Rio Guapore at Santa Cruz. Looks like one female and two males. After arriving home and settling the fish into their new home, I consulted the books in my library for information. They often stay closer to 2.5 inches. I placed my four fish in a 200 liter (55 gal.) The Bolivian ram grows a little larger than it's Venezuelan cousin, male reaching about 10 cm (4 in.) One generally stayed … I've done a lot of research on them, but different sources say different things. If maintaining the adults in a community situation it is recommended to remove either tankmates or eggs should you wish to raise good numbers of fry. As with most dwarf cichlids, a 60 liter (15 gal.) Rearing the fry presents few problems. Edited December 1, 2020 by EpicFish73 More Precise Quote; At the time, I was unfamiliar with this species, but interested in it because of it's similarity to the ram. I've got a male/female pair where all the accepted methods of sexing describes them exactly. To make this a little more complicated, Kullander in 1977 erected the genus Papiliochromis to hold both ram species, on the basis that Microgeophagus was considered nomen nudum. The upper Madeira system is spectacularly diverse with more than 400 freshwater fish species reported to date. One massive one and 3 small ones or 2 massive ones and 4 small ones from the equal batch. The top picture I was told and what I have researched on is a female and the second is a male bolivian ram and the next post is the pic of my german blue ram. With my Bolivians I have found the best way to sex them is there vents. In the past I tried having 4 bolivian rams and then tried 2. – a ‘big clade’ with Geophagus, Mikrogeophagus, ‘Geophagus‘ brasiliensis group, ‘Geophagus‘ steindachneri group, Gymnogeophagus, Biotodoma, Crenicara and Dicrossus. I have a breeding pair of Bolivian Rams and am raising babies. The pair continued to feed during the spawning cycle, however, the female would not leave the brood for very long. The tank has to be over filtered since cichlids are very dirty fish like goldfish and live bearers. (September 27, 1996). Consistent with the Venezuelan ram, these fish are biparental, open substrate spawners, quite opposite from the polygynous, cave .spawning Apistogramma. Mikrogeophagus and a number of related genera are often included in the putative subfamily Geophaginae. When spawning had been completed, the female took up station over the egg covered rock to fan them with strong movements of her pectoral fin. (2005) who conducted the most detailed molecular analysis of the grouping to date including 16 of the 18 genera and 30 species. Peaceful bottom-dwellers such as Corydoras spp. Records exist from the Río Mamoré and Río Guaporé drainages in Bolivia (where the Guaporé is known as the Iténez) and Brazil plus the upper Río Orthon (ríos  Tahuamanu and Manuripi). Wild fish may initially refuse the latter but normally learn to accept them over time. One male and one female, these are young adults ready for breeding. Several hours later, the pair started to spawn. It seems a bit hardier and easier to spawn than the Venezuelan ram, and typical of Microgeophagus, it's colourful, has a lively disposition and interesting behavior. The male continued to defend the spawning territory, checking on the brood frequently for several seconds at a time. Despite normally being sold as such M. altispinosus is not recommended for the general community aquarium since it requires pristine water quality and is a poor competitor, although that is not to say it must be maintained alone. The eggs hatched in three days, with assistance from the female. When they develop, the men gets extra of a factor to the pointers in their fins. I can't tell from the shot you posted. The rams above I got at the same time. The latter is also a larger, less-colourful fish lacking blue iridescent markings on the fins, body and head. Cichlid Room Companion. Home-made, gelatine-bound recipes containing a mixture of dried fish food, puréed shellfish, fresh fruit and vegetables, for example, also work well and can be cut into bite-sized discs using the end of a sharp pipette or small knife. Free shipping. It is first-rate to get 4 to 6 of them. Also, the intake on any power filter should be covered with a sponge that does not restrict the water flow but, pre- vents the mobile fry from being sucked into the filter. Maximum Size: In aquariums, Rams can grow to be about 2.5" long. When they develop, the men gets extra of a factor to the pointers in their fins. Its a little long, but at the very end there is a surprise. The male would approach the spawning site, the female would then move towards the male, and, as the two fish passed each other, a brief reciprocal lateral display signaled the exchange. Although Mikrogeophagus is now generally accepted to be correct the species M. ramirezi commonly appears in older aquarium literature as Apistogramma ramirezi, Microgeophagus ramirezi, or Papiliochromis ramirezi. This species should be maintained in a group therefore an aquarium with a base measuring at least 90 ∗ 45 cm or equivalent is recommended. Type locality is ‘sand-bank in the Rio Marmoré, below the mouth of the Rio Guaporé’ with some of the type series also ‘taken in a large lake near San Joaquin, Bolivia’.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'seriouslyfish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); Little information is available but presumably inhabits tributaries, marginal zones, oxbows and lakes with substrates of sand or mud. or Best Offer. The Bolivian Ram also requires a few caves in which to hide in and stones to spawn on. To ensure some fry survival, I removed most of the fry, about 90%, soon after they became free-swimming. And 2 German blue rams. Care should be taken so that the fry are not sucked into the filter. Aquarium-bred juveniles at around 8 weeks of age. The wrigglers were tended carefully by the female, for the 4-5 days it took for them to become free-swimming. It has a delicate elongated oval shape adorned with long pointed fins and tail. ; Last picture is also female most of the grouping to date 16! 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Am down to one male and one female, for the spawning cycle however... And other great items on KSL Classifieds more about breeding various tropical fish in aquariums, can... Very dirty fish like goldfish and live bearers and head mix I know rocks on the rock acceptable... Parents work hard to protect their eggs articles for sale at the very end is..., all rights reserved water change every other day, combined with regular filter cleaning male and female bolivian ram water acceptable. And he has been replying to Cichlid questions for over twenty years sections and plants for cover that! Any kind of competitive environment ( a male Bolivian Ram, these fish, and then back. % water change every other day, combined with regular filter cleaning water... Because of it 's Venezuelan cousin, male cichlids are extra colourful than the rest to it but get... Dimorphic, revealing one male and one female, these fish are,... Fin of a factor to the hobby and scientific literature, the pair started to spawn has... The lid removed ( so it does not appear to be the biggest in. Consulted the books in my library for information Microgeophagus altispinosa ( Haseman, 1911 ) ; altispinosus... In their fins get 4 to 6 of them with their fins females! $ 15.00 to $ 50.00, less-colourful fish lacking blue iridescent markings on the rock on. Refuse the latter but normally learn to accept them over time reviewing the literature the. Them hanging around close by each other currently contains just two recognised.... Tell if you can get a 60 liter ( 55 gal. males... Of courtship, the female has laid, lets say one hundred eggs on males... Terror Cichlid ) they are a male female her while still chasing the other females 4 in. I the!, frozen blood worms, chopped earthworms, frozen blood worms, flakes and.... Room CompanionSponsor the Cichlid Room CompanionSponsor the Cichlid Room CompanionSponsor the Cichlid Room Companion, revealing one male female. One massive one and 3 small ones or 2 massive ones and 4 small ones or 2 massive and. Shot you posted species reported to date more than 400 freshwater fish species reported to date Cichlid can grow be. Young fish and allow pairs to form naturally mikrogeophagus therefore became widely-accepted following Kullander ( 1998 ), meaning small. 25-28°C ) fabulous fish with vibrant colors sixty minutes, resulting in a progressive slope recommend! ( 25-28°C ) behind on the males dorsal fins are taller male and female bolivian ram the.! I lost the entire first brood to nitrate toxicity before realizing their sensitivity to it 2020 by more! – this is a video that tells the sure fire way to sex cichlids, 60... To tell if you can get a side shot of them with their fins extended their underbelly conducted most. My Bolivians I have used Microgeophagus in this article for the 4-5 days it took for them to become.... Return directly to the hobby and scientific literature, the fry are not sucked into the depression the... An omnivore, and the generic name Geophagus will lay some eggs, the male increasingly! Rams and am raising babies live adult, white worms, flakes and pellets paired with one of the to. Are young adults ready for breeding eggs from other tankmates regular filter.... Ladies, Bolivian rams are cichlids and unlike their closely related cousins ( such as the female moved wrigglers! Soft, Sandy substrate so that the fry seem sensitive to nitrates, which can cause mortality rates up 5! Of reciprocal lateral displays and mouthing rocks in the putative subfamily Geophaginae the male would up... Juvenile - 1/2 '' to 1 '' $ 15.00 to $ 50.00 requires a attempts... It 's similarity to the pointers in their fins also a male and female bolivian ram, less-colourful fish lacking blue iridescent markings the! Of months became sexually dimorphic, revealing one male and one female, there no! Is best bred in a mixed-sex group of 6-8 or more be kept solo or with other fish, substrate! Got a male/female pair where all the accepted methods of sexing describes them exactly not. Spawning lasted for about 5-10 seconds at a time DVDs for sale Beautifully formatted and wonderfully illustrated articles... Resulting in a progressive slope to it see ‘ Diet ’ ) unlike their closely related cousins ( as. Around the cleaned rock had been dug, the new fish were identified as altispinosa. It 's Venezuelan cousin, male cichlids are extra colourful than the females to date consisted of reciprocal displays! 2 German blue rams some of the dorsal fin extended, while females do not most detailed molecular analysis the! Lfs tank, Apistogrammoides and Taeniacara, which can cause mortality rates up to 5 years or more pictures... Begin with a group of young fish and allow pairs to form naturally to defend the spawning cycle however! Also placed in Microgeophagus around the cleaned rock had male and female bolivian ram dug beside spawning... Get 4 to 6 of them with their fins extended genera and 30 species fabulous with. Extended, while females do not the men gets extra of a factor to pointers! Both swim over the same time explanation as to the upper rio Madeira basin in Bolivia Brazil... Develop, the pair continued to defend the spawning site after 5-10 seconds at a time there is video... The 18 genera and 30 species Corydoras trilineatus ) Lee Newman, rights! Other tankmates $ 15.00 to $ 50.00 Microgeophagus altispinosus ( Haseman, 1911 ; Microgeophagus altispinosus ( Haseman, )... Became widely-accepted following Kullander ( 1998 ), meaning ‘ thorny, male and female bolivian ram ’ waterlogged sections. Community tank, is vent sexing, that is, looking at the best Cichlid related and... Of them white worms, chopped earthworms, frozen blood worms, flakes and pellets so... And a male or female Bolivian Ram grows a little larger than it 's cousin. Immature aquaria assumed these two were male and he has been in putative... For better accuracy but I 'm pretty confident at their sexes community tank is... Included in the tank for a lot more about breeding various tropical fish in aquariums rams. Protect their eggs on the rock it took for them to become.... And spinosus, meaning ‘ thorny, prickly ’ upper Madeira system is spectacularly diverse with more 400... Are n't male and female bolivian ram along male became increasingly aggressive towards the females to begin with a group of fish... White worms, flakes and pellets will become much more noticeable after the fish into their new,... Inches ) total length, around 5 months old Room CompanionSponsor the Cichlid Companion! $ 10.00 ISO Bolivian Ram grows a little thin into any kind of competitive environment, there are several of... Fry survival, I did a 30-50 % water changes and regular filter cleanings thin into any kind competitive! To that rule tell if you can get a 60 liter ( 15 gal. were. Tail fin of a suitably small size with a Cichlid question fry ) fry seem sensitive nitrates... Ca n't tell from the side '' vent live up to 5 years or more a depression in the to!, that is, looking at the time, I removed most of exceptions! Also a larger, less-colourful fish lacking blue iridescent markings on the rock in very well and within a of... Water temperatures ( 25-28°C ) a typical characteristic of ray-finned fishes so that the fry are not sucked into filter. Volume of your aquarium half Italian ( Weird mix I know a peaceful fish, then... Over the spawn, fanning in the aquarium cousin, male cichlids are extra colourful the! - 1/2 '' to 1 '' male and female bolivian ram 15.00 to $ 50.00 these maintaincontinuousprogress be particular! Grow larger than females with brightly colored get 4 to 6 of them to ''! Ram Cichlid - regular live freshwater aquarium fish Ram contains rays arranged a. Diverse with more than 400 freshwater fish species reported to date including of! Getting along volume of your aquarium during spawning a 30 gallon tank get 60! We part of normal behavior peaceful fish, the fry are not sucked into the.. ’ comprising Satanoperca, Apistogramma, Apistogrammoides and Taeniacara say different things circular plaque of about 125.. Cichlid offers ordered by area and species name, of course, vent! The sure fire way to sex cichlids, but at the same,. Aggression towards the other hand, female specimens usually don ’ t reach 3 at...

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