The tsunami propagated throughout the Pacific Ocean region reaching the entire Pacific coast of North and South America from Alaska to Chile. Children pray at a beach in Iwaki, Fukushima Prefecture, March 10, 2019, a day before the eighth anniversary of the 2011 earthquake-tsunami disaster in northeastern Japan. In addition, police said between 200 and 300 bodies were found … Overall, the double natural disasters killed 15,884 people and left 2,636 still unaccounted for. The number of confirmed deaths is 15,894 as of June 10, 2016, according to the reconstruction agency. Ultimately, the official total for the number of those confirmed dead or listed as missing from the disaster was about 18,500, although other estimates gave a final toll of at least 20,000. But the crippling of … Aftershocks continued, many exceeding magnitude-7.0. In the summer they are very hot and in the winter they are very chilly. In Fukushima Prefecture, the death toll related to the disaster and nuclear crisis now stands at 2,304. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser. “A lot of the people suffering are the older generation, and they need a lot of support to make it through with as little ill effect as possible. The earthquake triggered tsunami warnings throughout the Pacific basin. proportions – over 20,000 died, over 300,000 left homeless, a blow to the country’s economic and infrastructure unlike anything in the last 40 years. At the height of the crisis there were fears of much worse contamination. In the 2011 tsunami-earthquake, 1,607 lives were lost in Fukushima. In the Fukushima prefecture, we obtained the detailed data of the residence addresses of the deceased, so we overlaid the data on the “Maps of the Area hit by the Tsunami of 11 March 2011” (Tsunami Damage Mapping Team [2011]) and analyzed the locations of victims at the time of death in the inundation and washed-away areas. In Miyagi, Iwate and Fukushima prefectures whole communities were wiped out by the ferocious power of the tsunami. In addition to Sendai, other communities hard-hit by the tsunami included Kamaishi and Miyako in Iwate; Ishinomaki, Kesennuma, and Shiogama in Miyagi; and Kitaibaraki and Hitachinaka in Ibaraki. Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Aftermath of the disaster: Initial reports of casualties following the tsunami put the death toll in the hundreds, with hundreds more missing. [In some other prefectures], the [death toll] amounts to 300-400 people in each prefecture, but in Fukushima it is over 8,000 people,” Jousan, a US director and producer who has been … The sudden horizontal and vertical thrusting of the Pacific Plate, which has been slowly advancing under the Eurasian Plate near Japan, displaced the water above and spawned a series of highly destructive tsunami waves. Eleven reactors at four nuclear power plants in the region were operating at the time and all shut down automatically when the earthquake hit. An upthrust of 6 to 8 metres (20 to 26 ft) along a 180 kilometres (110 mi) wide seabed at 60 kilometres (37 mi) offshore from the east coast of Tōhoku resulted in a major tsunami that brought destruction along the Pacific coastline of Japan's northern islands. (Nearly two years later, on December 7, 2012, a magnitude-7.3 tremor originated from the same plate boundary region. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (Some geologists argue that this portion of the Eurasian Plate is actually a fragment of the North American Plate called the Okhotsk microplate.) The tsunami waves reached run-up heights (how far the wave surges inland above sea level) of up to 128 feet (39 meters) at Miyako city and traveled inland as far as 6 miles (10 km) in Sendai. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The quake caused no injuries and little damage.) More people have now died because of the Fukushima evacuation process than were killed in the region by the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami which caused the displacement, a survey said. The crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station is seen through a bus window in Okuma on Saturday. Finally, some 18 hours after the quake, waves roughly 1 foot (0.3 metre) high reached the coast of Antarctica and caused a portion of the Sulzberger Ice Shelf to break off its outer edge. According to some reports, one wave penetrated some 6 miles (10 km) inland after causing the Natori River, which separates Sendai from the city of Natori to the south, to overflow. 1. Japan’s National Police Agency reported Friday that 6,406 are confirmed dead, and 10,259 missing. Mark Lynas 18 July 2012. The Fukushima meltdown, one of the world’s worst nuclear disasters, occurred after the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami caused a … Because of the intense secrecy surrounding Mayak, it is difficult to estimate the death toll of Kyshtym. “You drive into the settlements and find they are very neat and tidy,” he said. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some 300,000 people evacuated their homes in the prefecture after the disaster caused multiple meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, according to Red Cross figures. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which caused widespread damage on land and initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas of the country, most notably in the Tōhoku region (northeastern Honshu). Japanese police have raised the known death toll from last week's devastating earthquake and tsunami to 2,414. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. After a tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan eight years ago today, triggering the meltdowns of three reactors, many believed it would result in a public health catastrophe. He serves currently as the editor of Earth and life sciences, covering climatology, geology, zoology, and other topics that relate to... Aerial view of damage to a portion of the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan, following the offshore earthquake and resultant tsunami there on March 11, 2011. A massive tsunami, generated by a powerful undersea earthquake, engulfing a residential area in Natori, Miyagi prefecture, northeastern Honshu, Japan, on March 11, 2011. The official death toll stood at 413, while 784 people were missing and 1,128 injured. Fukushima: tsunami waves hit after 7.4 magnitude earthquake hits Japan This article is more than 4 years old Tsunami warning for waves up to 3 meters issued on northern Pacific coast Within a week of the incident, the death toll had risen to 4,164, with 7,843 reported missing and 2,218 injured [source: CNN ]. The largest fault slip ever recorded caused the tsunami that hit Japan. The epicentre was located some 80 miles (130 km) east of the city of Sendai, Miyagi prefecture, and the focus occurred at a depth of 18.6 miles (about 30 km) below the floor of the western Pacific Ocean. A book published in 2009 by the New York Academy of Sciences, entitled Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment, puts the Chernobyl death toll at 985,000 people between 1986 and 2004. Deaths were caused by the initial earthquake and … The Fukushima meltdown was the world's worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl in 1986. The tsunami raced outward from the epicentre at speeds that approached about 500 miles (800 km) per hour. A survey by popular Japanese newspaper Mainichi Shimbun said Monday that deaths relating to this displacement – around 1,600 – have surpassed the number killed in the region in the original disaster. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Mainichi newspaper said it surveyed 25 towns and villages in the prefecture, as well as taking into account "condolence money” applications for at least 109 people reportedly killed in relation to the evacuation. “There is a car park, and then there is rows upon rows of these very neat but very small prefabricated houses, each with a family trying to make them as homely as possible. The official death toll from the massive earthquake and tsunami that struck northeastern Japan was raised to 3,676 Wednesday, but it is expected … The wider death toll from the quake was 15,895, according to the National Police Agency. Francis Markus, East Asia spokesperson for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), said the conditions faced by those displaced is made worse by them not knowing when they can return. Map of the northern part of Japan's main island of Honshu depicting the intensity of shaking caused by the earthquake of March 11, 2011. A wave measuring some 33 feet high inundated the coast and flooded parts of the city of Sendai, including its airport and the surrounding countryside. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Why Fukushima death toll projections are based on junk science. IE 11 is not supported. Close to 16,000 people were killed across Japan as a direct result of the earthquake and tsunami in 2011. Omissions? As the death toll from Japan’s 9.0 earthquake and tsunami last Friday continues to rise, thousands of people remain unaccounted for, making it likely that large gaps exist between official and unofficial counts. Of those, fewer than 100 were from prefectures other than Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima. The tsunami inundated about 560 sq km and resulted in a human death toll of about 19,000 and much damage to coastal ports and towns, with over a million buildings destroyed or partly collapsed. More people have now died because of the Fukushima evacuation process than were killed in the region by the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami which caused the displacement, a survey said. 60,000 -- 70,000 city residents evacuated to shelters. Hundreds of aftershocks, dozens of magnitude 6.0 or greater and two of magnitude 7.0 or greater, followed in the days and weeks after the main quake. That … Thousands of lives were lost and entire towns were devastated. National Police up the confirmed death toll to 93. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, and killed at least 20,000 … John P. Rafferty writes about Earth processes and the environment. The survey also said a number of suicides had been attributed to the ordeal. Damaging tsunami waves struck the coasts of Iwate prefecture, just north of Miyagi prefecture, and Fukushima, Ibaraki, and Chiba, the prefectures extending along the Pacific coast south of Miyagi. According to the Mainichi report, 1,599 of these deaths were in the Fukushima Prefecture. The report compiled by prefectural authorities and local police found that the deaths of 1,656 people in Fukushima Prefecture fall into the former category. It was measured at 8.4 on the JMA seismic intensity scale The earthquake happened 130 kilometres (81 mi) off Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, on the east coast of the Tōhoku of Japan, on March 11, 2011 at 05:46:23 UTC.It was at a depth of 24.4 km (15.2 miles). Figures by Japan's Reconstruction Agency in March put the total number of these deaths at 1,383. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The earthquake was so strong that it shifted Earth on its axis. The tsunami inundated about 560 sq km and resulted in a human death toll of about 19,000 and much damage to coastal ports and towns, with over a million buildings destroyed or partly collapsed. The Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. “What we are seeing is some very, very difficult social and emotional effects that communities are having to cope with,” he said Tuesday. Level 7 is the highest international rating for a nuclear accident and 20 times more severe than Level 5. The tsunami traveled a wide swath, with waves as high as 66 feet striking the coast of North Africa and others reaching Barbados and England. Eleven reactors at four nuclear power plants in the region were operating at the time and all shut down automatically when the earthquake hit. A part of the subduction zone measuring approximately 190 miles (300 km) long by 95 miles (150 km) wide lurched as much as 164 feet (50 metres) to the east-southeast and thrust upward about 33 feet (10 metres). The death toll from the trio of disasters is estimated at 40,000 to 50,000 across Portugal, Spain, and Morocco. 4. Five million tons of material and debris from Japan were swept out to the Pacific Ocean by the tsunami. The death toll for both is uncertain, with 31 being killed immediately at Chernobyl – two in the explosion and 29 from acute radiation exposure – and zero recorded immediate deaths at Fukushima. Messina, 1908. Several hours later 9-foot (2.7-metre) tsunami waves struck the coasts of California and Oregon in North America. Close to 16,000 people were killed across Japan as a direct result of the earthquake and tsunami in 2011. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the subduction zone associated with the Japan Trench, which separates the Eurasian Plate from the subducting Pacific Plate. (The early estimate of magnitude 8.9 was later revised upward.) The March 11 temblor was felt as far away as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia; Kao-hsiung, Taiwan; and Beijing, China. Authored by three noted Russian scientists including the former director of the Institute of Nuclear Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, the book is … The combined total of confirmed deaths and missing is more than 22,000 (nearly 20,000 deaths and 2,500 missing). A man prays as he mourns victims of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami as a ship brought ashore by the disaster is seen in the background, in Kesennuma, Japan, in March this year. The Kyshtym disaster, which occurred at Mayak in Russia on 29 September 1957, was rated as a level 6 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the third most severe incident after Chernobyl and Fukushima. Japan's police agency says the death toll from the earthquake and tsunami two weeks ago has officially topped 10,000. Top 10 causes of death; ... On 11 March 2011, a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the east coast of Japan, generating a tsunami that severely damaged coastal areas and resulted in 15 891 deaths and 2579 missing people. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government last week pledged nearly half a billion dollars to contain the site’s contaminated water, including the construction of a subterranean ice wall. Warnings were issued and evacuations were carr… But today in fact some other people are doing nothing despite the known data in California, in Tokyo, etc. “The government prints the number of people who died as a result of the 2011 disaster in the newspapers every day. A powerful earthquake that struck Indonesia's Sulawesi island last week has killed at least 84 people and displaced more than 30,000, according to … It was later reported that a satellite orbiting at the outer edge of Earth’s atmosphere that day had detected infrasonics (very low-frequency sound waves) from the quake. Picture "the boot" of Italy. Kyodo/Getty Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Markus has visited many of the evacuees as part of the IFRC relief efforts in the region. The numbers in both categories increased dramatically in the following days as the extent of the devastation—especially in coastal areas—became known … 11:40 PM. After a tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan eight years ago today, triggering the meltdowns of three reactors, many believed it would result in a public health catastrophe. John Rafferty, associate editor of Earth sciences at Encyclopædia Britannica, discussing tsunamis. The death toll in Thailand was nearly 5,400 including 2,000 foreign tourists. Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The city of Banda Aceh … The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas. Zero evacuation may be implausible. It generated waves 11 to 12 feet (3.3 to 3.6 metres) high along the coasts of Kauai and Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands chain and 5-foot (1.5-metre) waves along the island of Shemya in the Aleutian Islands chain. Causes of death in the aftermath have included “fatigue” due to conditions in evacuation centers, exhaustion from relocating, and illness resulting from hospital closures. According to the Mainichi report, 1,599 of … The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami was a 9.0-magnitude earthquake followed by tsunami waves. As the ongoing nuclear disaster in Japan continues, it is highly likely that Fukushima will far surpass Chernobyl in terms of its human death toll … The magnitude-9.0 earthquake struck at 2:46 pm. Eighty-five percent of Lisbon's buildings were destroyed. Abe, speaking from Buenos Aires where it was announced Tokyo had successfully won its bid to host the 2020 Olympic Games, said the issue is “under control.”. The pandemic’s death toll is a tsunami anyone could see coming — if they looked Philip Bump 12/3/2020. Large stretches of land were left submerged under seawater, particularly in lower-lying areas. Officials in protective gear check for signs of radiation on children who are from the evacuation area near the Fukushima Daini nuclear plant in Koriyama, in March 2011. survey by popular Japanese newspaper Mainichi Shimbun, Japan to spend nearly $500 million to contain radioactive water at Fukushima plant, Tokyo 2020 Olympics could be shot in the arm for struggling Japan. 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