In the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month This, according to Abp. formed part of the rites. God revealed to Ezekiel the abominations and detestable things going on within the precincts of the sacred Temple itself. Some have mistakenly interpreted this chapter as a composite of all of the various idolatries practiced previously to the times of Ezekiel; but the better understanding of it indicates that all of the abominations and detestable things going on in this vision were actually being practiced in both the Temple and throughout Israel right up until the very capture and destruction of the city. Even in God’s holy *temple, people were *worshipping false gods. ; and it featured numerous combinations, contradictions and uncertainties. This chapter and the three following contain but one vision, of which I judge it necessary, with Calmet, to give a general idea, that the attention of the reader may not be too much divided. He said also unto me, Thou shalt again see yet other great abominations which they do. Apparently the elders of Judah were in Ezekiel's house when this vision occurred to him, and presumably they were there when it ended, and Ezekiel explained it to them. A. The images were pourtrayed upon the wall, as we find those ancient idols are on the walls of the tombs of the kings and nobles of Egypt. The appearance of fire - See the note on Ezekiel 1:27. D. Judgment of Jerusalem,Chapter 4 (Jerusalem is not destroyed at this time.) This chapter and the three following contain but one vision, of which I judge it necessary, with Calmet, to give a general … Its hand reaches out and grabs Ezekiel by a lock of his hair, and the spirit of God brings him to Jerusalem in a vision. Of a man, likely. Watch our overview video on the first part of the book of Ezekiel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Any image whatever would have served to provoke God to jealousy over his apostate people. Going thence to the court of the people, he sees through an opening in the wall seventy elders of the people, who were worshipping all sorts of beasts and reptiles, which were painted on the wall. Afterwards God himself speaks, and shows that the Jews who should be left in the land should be driven out because of their iniquities, and that those who had been led captive, and who acknowledged their sins and repented of them, should be restored to their own land. The worship of this ancient god reaches back into antiquity as far as 3,000 B.C. There he sees the glory of the Lord in the same manner as he did by the river Chebar. viii. For the seller shall not return to what has been sold, Though he may still be alive; For the vision concern… 2 I looked, and there was a form with the appearance of a human being. Something like this we saw actually come to pass, for the water was stained to a surprising redness; and, as we observed in travelling, had stained the sea a great way into a reddish hue." v. 15 — He is a prophet to the captives. Here begins a section of prophecy extending to the twelfth chapter. "And he brought me to the door of the court; and when I looked, behold, a hole in the wall. "[2] For a list of all the dates given in Ezekiel, see our introduction. It really seems that at this time the Jews had incorporated every species of idolatry in their impure worship, - Phoenician, Egyptian, and Persian. Chapters 8-11 are one literary unit (cf. This, and all that follows, to the end of Ezekiel 8:16, was done in vision only, as appears from the expression here used: and brought me in the visions of God, &c. — In a similar manner, it was represented to the Prophet Elisha’s mind, (2 Kings 5:26,) what Gehazi was doing when he took the presents from … ‘Behold, the day! This was the Lord Christ, whose eyes are like a flaming fire, … Ezekiel 8. The land will be ruled by a prince, who is mentioned several times in chapter 46 (verses 2, 4, 8… [4] There are too many uncertainties regarding ancient dates to leave much room for dogmatism. It was unlawful for the elders to offer incense in the Temple, a function belonging only to the sons of Aaron; and even they were forbidden to offer the sacred incense to a pagan idol. "A likeness as of the appearance of fire ..." (Ezekiel 8:3). Chapter 8: This vision took place in 592, one year after Ezekiel's great inaugural vision by the river Chebar. The worship of such idols was vile, licentious, depraved and disgusting. “Rival prophets were foretelling a speedy return to a flourishing Jerusalem (Ezekiel 24; 13.16; Jeremiah 28.1-4; 29.8,9,15,21).” (Wright) iii. Although some modern literalists explain this vision as spacecraft, it has a much deeper meaning. They put the branch to their nose - This is supposed to mean some branch or branches, which they carried in succession in honor of the idol, and with which they covered their faces, or from which they inhaled a pleasant smell, the branches being odoriferous. Ezekiel 24:20 " Then I answered them, The word of the LORD came unto me, saying, " Just as the lying on his side for nearly a year, was a sign to the people. Omnigenumque Deum monstra, et latrator Anubis. The name agrees perfectly with him. Verse 1. for they say, Jehovah seeth us not; Jehovah hath forsaken the land. We may see from all this what induced the Lord to abandon his people, his city, and his temple; the abominations of the people in public and in private. This section occurs fourteen months after Ezekiel's original vision of God by the River Chebar; compare 1:1-3 with 8:1 (August-September 592 b.c.). The mourning period, whether long or short, was always followed by the most uninhibited, wildest celebration, amounting to as vulgar an orgy as could be imagined. The chambers of imagery. "[19] From this, it appears that the fallen Israelites had adopted sun-worship with all of its variations and embellishments. "Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.". He is fabled to have been a beautiful youth beloved by Venus, and killed by a wild boar in Mount Lebanon, whence springs the river Adonis, which was fabled to run blood at his festival in August. There are four abominations mentioned in the balance of the chapter, where they appear in an ascending order of offensiveness to God. Calmet supports this opinion by the following reasons: -. These chapters constitute a vision that the prophet had while transported by the Spirit of God from Babylon to Jerusalem (verse 3). A vision of the burning of the city. Infected Sion's daughters with like heat: Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch. Probably, however, the scenes are separate proofs of Jewish idolatry, rather than restricted to one idol. As he returned to the court of the priests, between the porch and the altar, he saw twenty-five men with their backs to the sanctuary and their faces towards the east, worshipping the rising sun. EZEKIEL'S ` JOURNEY' TO JERUSALEM (Ezekiel 8-11) Ezekiel's prophecy in these four chapters "form a connected whole." "[12], "Then he brought me to the door of Jehovah's house which was toward the north; and, behold, there sat the women weeping for Tammuz. Usher, was the sixth year of Ezekiel's captivity. "And he brought me into the inner court of Jehovah's house; and behold, at the door of the temple of Jehovah, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of Jehovah, and their faces toward the east; and they were worshipping the sun toward the east. Chapter 8 1. Then I beheld, and lo a likeness.] III. "[9] God's removing his presence from the Jewish Temple is the principal theme of Ezekiel 8-11. Having for some time mourned him as dead, they then supposed him revivified and broke out into the most extravagant rejoicings. 8 Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall: and when I had digged in the wall, behold a door. All of these animal figures, worshipped as idols, were derived from ancient Canaanite paganism, from Baylonian, and from Egyptian sources.[10]. Keil pointed out that this was not the worship of Adonis, or any other sun-god, but, "The worship of the heavenly bodies, against which Moses had warned the people (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3). Here the reason for that removal is clearly tied to the abominations practiced there by the apostate children of Israel. "[6], "And the elders of Judah sat before me ..." (Ezekiel 8:2). While smooth Adonis, from his native rock, Ran purple to the sea, suffused with blood, Of Thammuz, yearly wounded. Tammuz, a very attractive and beautiful shepherd was killed by a wild boar; and he was featured as the spouse of Ishtar, the sister of Ishtar, the son of Ishtar, or the lover of Ishtar. In chapter nine, Ezekiel witnesses the destruction of the people of Jerusalem by God. There he saw the glory of God (Ezekiel 8:4): Behold, the glory of the god of Israel was there, the same appearance... 2. The time of celebrating his return was usually observed at the time of the summer solstice (June 21). ii. Chapters 8-11 are a unit, though the subject matter may be divided. Book of Ezekiel Chapter 8. And behold the glory of the God of Israel,] i.e., The glorious God of Israel. "This goddess was probably Ashteroth."[13]. The women of Phoenicia, Assyria, and Judea worshipped him as dead, with deep lamentation, wearing priapi and other obscene images all the while, and they prostituted themselves in honor of this idol. The sixth day of the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year, which answers to August A.M. 3410. And there stood before them seventy men of the house of Israel; and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, every man with his censor in his hand; and the odor of the cloud of incense went up. It is in fact the four cherubim that cover the throne of God and by the symbols show the entire plan of salvation and the role of the nation Israel, … Ezekiel chapter 8 1611 KJV (King James Version) 1 And it came to passe in the sixt yeere, in the sixt moneth, in the fift day of the month, as I sate in mine house, and the elders of Iudah sate before me; that the hand of the Lord God fell there vpon me.. 2 Then I beheld, and loe, a likenesse as the appearance of fire: from the appearance of his loines euen downeward, fire: and from … The hand of God was upon him. "All kinds of gods, monsters, and barking dogs.". The Scripture often gives to the heathen idols names of degradation; as Baal-zebub, god of flies; Baal-zebul; god of dung. So I went in and saw; and behold, every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, portrayed upon the wall round about. There are many strange, and some filthy, interpretations given of this clause; but the former are not worth repeating, and I abominate the latter too much to submit to defile my paper with them. The prophet, in the visions of God, is carried to Jerusalem, to the northern gate of the temple, which leads by the north side to the court of the priests. "The paganism visible in this vision does not appear to be any kind of blending of paganism with the true worship of God; but, on the other hand, "It was unalloyed idolatry practiced by the defectors from the true faith in God. Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the elders of the house of Israel do in the dark? Chapter#9: Six executioners and man with inkhorn. And I came and saw, and behold there were all kinds of figures of reptiles, and beasts, abominations, and all kinds of idols of the house of Israel, drawn on the wall round about. 17-19 — As the watchman on the city walls, Ezekiel is responsible for giving God’s warning. (Note: we have not cited our source for every statement in this glimpse at the worship Tammuz; but we have given a composite of the opinions of F. C. Cook, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, C. L. Feinberg, Anton T. Pearson, G. A. Cooke, E. H. Plumptre, and others). The prophet, being left alone among the dead, fell on his face, and made intercession for the people. There were a number of men of this name in the Bible, and one of them had aided in the reforms of Josiah. Because of this the fourth Babvlonian month was named Tammuz, the name that was adopted into the Jewish calendar for their fourth month (June-July). So, was this transport physical or only in a vision? All who have turned against Him are executed. Beasley-Murray calculated the interval from the first vision that came to Ezekiel at the river Chebar as "fourteen months";[3] however, Plumptre stated that it was only thirteen months. Ezekiel 8:2 Then I beheld, and lo a likeness as the appearance of fire: from the appearance of his loins even downward, fire; and from his loins even upward, as the appearance of brightness, as the colour of amber.. Ver. Ezekiel Chapter 6. All of the things mentioned here were seen "in this vision." This introduces a scathing sermon against the sin of idolatry because the people went “a whoring after their idols” (in verse 9). This is what the marginal reference here has, "the appearance of a man enthroned," of course, a representation of God Himself. He was represented as a beautiful youth, beloved by Venus; at which Mars, her paramour, being incensed and filled with jealousy, sent a large boar against Adonis, which killed him with his tusks. a) First, what does Ezekiel mean by the "sixth year, sixth month and fifth day"? Then the Divine Presence left the cherubim, and took post at the entrance of the temple, and gave orders to the man with the ink-horn to put a mark on the foreheads of those who sighed and prayed because of the abominations of the land; and then commanded the men with the swords to go forward, and slay every person who had not this mark. "Behold, the glory of the God of Israel ..." (Ezekiel 8:4). That was Paul's comment on what took place among the pre-Christian Gentiles; and here we find that ancient Israel had fallen into the same wickedness. The Lord gives him the reason of his conduct; and the man with the ink-horn returns, and reports to the Lord what was done. Ezekiel was not bodily transported to Jerusalem. The whole was presented in vision to the prophet. This is the substance of the vision contained in the eighth chapter. Usury refers to interest on loans. God, having given the prophet a clear foresight of the people's miseries that were hastening on, here gives him a clear insight into the people's wickedness, by which God was provoked to bring these miseries upon them, that he might justify God in all his judgments, might the more particularly reprove the sins of the people, and with the more satisfaction foretel their … "Human sacrifice, castration, sexual indulgence, etc. There, in the inner court of the temple, was prepared a place for some base idol. Chapter 8. This was the Persian worship, as their turning their faces to the east plainly shows they were worshipping the rising sun. Canon Cook stated that "The great popularity of this ancient cult rested in the fact that it inevitably led to unbridled license and excess. The one topic here is the defilement of the Temple and God's removal from it. Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall: and when I had digged in the wall, behold, a door. We do not know certainly of what form this image was, nor what god it represented. The vision that I saw in the plain - see the note on Ezekiel 3:23; (note); see also Ezekiel 1:3; (note). Therefore they presented themselves before the prophet Ezekiel to learn what he had to say about the situation.[8]. In the beginning of the vision Ezekiel sees the glory of the LORD at the temple in Jerusalem. II. Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in mine house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell there upon me. "The image of jealousy in the entrance ..." (Ezekiel 8:5). 7, 8 — God warns of the reaction to and the reception of the message of Ezekiel. (Read Ezekiel 8:1-6) The glorious personage Ezekiel beheld in vision, seemed to take hold upon him, and he was conveyed in spirit to Jerusalem. The Glory of the Lord led Israel out of Egypt.The Glory of the Lord appeared to Moses, in the burning bush on Mt. In the beginning of this vision, by the noblest stretch of an inspired imagination, idolatry itself is personified, and made an idol; and the image sublimely called, from the provocation it gave God, the Image of Jealousy, Ezekiel 8:5. By the end of … There are almost as many guesses as to the identity of this idol as there are authors discussing it; but we should not overlook the fact that the identity of the idol is immaterial. Commentary on Ezekiel 8:1-6 (Read Ezekiel 8:1-6) The glorious personage Ezekiel beheld in vision, seemed to take hold upon him, and he was conveyed in spirit to Jerusalem. The people want Ezekiel to explain exactly, what is going on. Ezekiel 1:1-28: The prophet Ezekiel was given an awesome vision when he was with the captives of Judah at Babylon in 594 BCE. Ezekiel 34:8 "[As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;" All who work in the ministry should be ministering because God called them to that task, not as a way … And He said to me, Come and see the wicked abominations which they are doing here. The image of jealousy - הקנאה סמל semel hakkinah . Virgil speaks of these, Aen. Ezekiel's prophecy in these four chapters "form a connected whole. He tells the truth at all times, and is no respecter of persons. א וַיְהִ֣י | בַ "[14] The weeping women, gazing upon the naked statue of Tammuz (or Adonis), in time worked themselves into a frenzy of passionate desire. Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen this, O Son of man? "[11] Nevertheless, it appears in this vision that the worship was taking place in the Temple. [Acts 7:2] {See Trapp on "Acts 7:2 "} Was there,] scil., At the inner gate, where that image of jealousy stood. "Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan ..." (Ezekiel 8:11). lib. Five and twenty men - These most probably represented the twenty-four courses of the priests, with the high priest for the twenty-fifth. Introduction, texte, traduction et commentaire (“Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha” 21), Brill, Leiden 2006 How surprising it is that the image of God's glory Should have been visible at all in the Temple. even the great abominations that the house of Israel do commit here, that I should go far off from my sanctuary? Ezekiel 18:8 "He [that] hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, [that] hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man," This man does not take advantage of his brother in trouble. Chapter# 8: Ezekiel, in a vision of God at Jerusalem, is shown the image of jealousy. And Ezekiel saw that the leaders, the women and the priests were all guilty of this *sin. That was the specific date of … vv. The time has come, The day draws near. The period of mourning, usually forty days, ended with Tammuz' triumphant return to life. Tammuz signifies hidden or obscure, and hence the worship of his image was in some secret place. Ezekiel 8:2 - Then I looked, and behold, a likeness as the appearance of a man; from His loins and downward there was the appearance of fire, and from His loins and upward the appearance of brightness, like the appearance of glowing metal. Hence it was the image of him who fell a victim to jealousy. 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