The methods are also not hindered by challenges related to species differences present in animal testing. We have already seen that animal testing is hugely expensive and the results of trials are not an accurate prediction for how a substance will react within a human test subject. What this shows us is that animal testing is simply not a good proxy for tests in humans, if that is the case surely it is not ethical to use them, not just because it causes the animals pain and suffering but because substances which appear safe may be authorized for human testing without researchers realizing that they are, in fact, deeply dangerous. This is much cheaper than animal testing and much more accurate as it shows how a drug interacts with human as opposed to animal cells. We should banned animal testing because animals get through a lot of pain and even kill them even making a lot of animal instinct from the hole world even giving drugs to animals and instead of helping them you kill them so animal testing should be banned from those very reasons. The sad thing is that we can cure many of these diseases in animals. It’s disgusting and has no place in our society,” said Barritt. Many families either own or aspire to own a pet dog or a cat and many of those who cannot know friends or family members who do. Animal testing also helps cosmetic companies confirm if their new product is working. The end result is that an animal trial can cost up to $4 million per tested substance. It would be wrong to test a drug of unknown effect on humans, which is why we test on animals first. The principle of transferability also works in reverse. This was both cruel and distressing and often irrelevant as animals will react differently to some substances than humans. These issues are hard to notice within our daily life. When animal experimentation is entirely unavoidable, there is a consensus that the testing should be restricted to a necessary minimum. The argument is invalid, making it improper to use animals for experiment. Whether or not products for human use should be tested on animals before proceeding to full scale human trials is one of the most emotive subjects ever to be debated. During preclinical animal studies, 36% of substances tested do not proceed to subsequent clinical trials on humans due to safety risks and undesirable side effects observed in animals. Perhaps one of the best known failures of animal testing was the thalidomide tragedy of the 50s and 60s. Today the method is used to test cosmetics and medicines with a high degree of efficacy. Every year millions of vertebrate animals are used for research and experimentation. Even more exciting developments are in the pipeline including ‘microfluidic chips’, computer chips that are lined with cells to recreate human organs. There have been some attempts to use the data in the past but the overwhelming response is that to do so would be to minimize the suffering of those who were subjected to the appalling experiments and tortured so dreadfully. As candidate drugs go through development and human testing based on animal tests, some drugs are sometimes abandoned due to unsuccessful results during animal testing. Most mammals will need some form of contact, either from a human or from another animal, in order to enjoy their life to the fullest. Why Animal Testing Should be Banned Today. One big problem that has started many arguments in the world is the problem of animal testing. About 31.1% of animals in science are used in basic research, while 11.9% are used for translational and applied research, which includes projects that test primary research findings for medical application. According to PETA, animal testing isn’t just ethically wrong, but also very wasteful. Stay up to date. PETA. Opinions about the necessity, acceptability, and justification of animal testing vary widely. In such experiments, one can conclude the efficacy and safety tests on animals can significantly minimize the risk of new treatment methods on humans. Thalidomide had been tested extensively over a large number of different animal species including various rodents, dogs, armadillos and pigs and had passed through clinical trials successfully (with experts noting that it caused defects only occasionally and then at high concentrations). Rabbits were not an ideal substitute for humans but suffered nevertheless suffered through these cruel tests. Scientists have developed methods of testing products and studying diseases that replace the cruel use of animals. The … Of course there are people who are not pet owners either because of pressures of work and accommodation requirements, allergies or because they just do not want the responsibility but even the most animal phobic of people will be able to understand (and often view in friends) the close bond that exists between a human and their pet. Body cells and biochemical processes necessary for life are quite similar across different species of animals. Even though cosmetics are not like drugs that are immediately harmful to human beings or animals during the initial testing stages, unplan… Such similarities even allow comparisons of genes and metabolic processes between humans and bacteria. Therefore, when the experiment works in animals, it is not a guarantee that it also becom… It is instructive to note that over 90% of all substances tested in animals (and that appear promising at first glance) fail clinical trials. Animal testing is necessary for medical development. The techniques are also relevant to human health. For many years rabbits were used to test whether a substance would prove toxic to human skin. (www. Viable alternative exists and animal testing is not needed and should be banned. The findings are then used to improve diagnostics and treatment of human diseases and illnesses. The practice is regulated to varying degrees in different countries. The proponents of the ban on animal testing argue that animals are a living creature, who have emotions and feelings just like human beings, as well as right to live. This is a major concern because if the research is flawed so are the results which can lead to them being invalid. When the reasons were investigated it appeared that the animal tests may not have robust enough, with no blinding or randomization meaning that there was potential for cherry picking of statistical outliers (tests which include no reported randomization are 5 times more likely to render a positive result than those that are conducted against rigorous guidelines). “We believe animal testing should be banned worldwide as it is extremely cruel and inhumane.” By supporting our work, you are reaching out with caring hands to stop animal abuse. We condemn the slaughter and mistreatment of these amazing animals for meat or land in the wilds of Africa but condone their torture on our own shores. org, 2013) Also a group of scientists tested on animals to see if they got lung cancer from smoking and they didn’t, so is … In one well publicized case genetically modified mice were used to test potential cures for ALS (with some success) only for it to be discovered that the researchers had been concentrating on the wrong genetic mutation. They often fail to predict how substances interact with humans leading, sometimes, to tragic results when these products are cleared for clinical testing. Both of them make up 43% of the total expenditure for medical research. Over 6 million animals suffer in tests there every year but these tests lead to no more than 12 new products every year, many more clear animal trials but fail in the human clinical stage of the process. For example, acetylsalicylic acid, the active component of analgesic Aspirin, alleviates pain in both humans and rats but can also result in increased bleeding in both species. Traditional animal tests are expensive, inaccurate and poorly structured. The U.S. should be a trendsetter, not a trendfollower on this issue.” It is argued by many medical practitioners that numerous medical advances are an outcome of animal experiment (Tilman 53). An educated guess wouldn’t be good enough for firms that deal with legal-liabilities when their products harm the users. Animal testing should be banned because it is cruel, unnecessary, inaccurate, and expensive. Russel and Burch introduced the three Rs principle in 1959 as a guide for animal experimentation. … Animal testing aids research The most effective way of confirming the safety of cosmetics in organic tissues before being used by human beings is through animal testing. It is comforting to think of mice, rabbits or dogs being kept in decent cages and enjoying good food until the time comes for them to do their job and submit to tests but the reality is that this is not the case. The drug was used to treat morning sickness in pregnancy but resulted in a worldwide tragedy. Studies have shown that computer models can accurately predict ways in which new drugs can react in the human body. The only way of establishing this would be in vitro testing on human tissue. Organ-on-chip technology has also been developed. Animals do not get many of the human diseases that people do, such as major types of heart disease, many types of cancer, HIV, Parkinson’s disease, or schizophrenia. Animal tests also result in human suffering in the form of the opportunity cost of abandoning promising drugs based on misleading animal testing results. No matter how much loving pet owners will enjoy anthropomorphizing their pets or how we admire the intelligence of elephants, whales, dolphins and primates it is an unavoidable fact that we are very different and our bodies and minds work in a different way to those of even our closest living relatives. Here’s why animal testing should be banned. Improvements have been made in the field of cosmetics testing as well. An editorial published in Nature Review Drug Discovery described instances involving drugs whose animal testing results could have derailed their development. The potential for problems caused by such inaccuracies is clear. Thalidomide is still used today as a treatment for leprosy (although more effective treatments exist and are preferred because of thalidomide’s tendency to cause defects) but it is not advised for use in pregnancy. Animal testing is a hugely emotive subject. Misleading results from animal tests can also point researches in the wrong direction leading to wastage of time and significant investment. They should use prisoners who have been convicted of murder or rape instead. For example, stroke is well understood, yet modeling the disease accurately in animals has proven to be an exercise in futility. Animals share genes responsible for body structures that later modified in the course of evolution. 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On World Day For Animals In Laboratories (April 24), here are 9 reasons why using living beings as laboratory equipment is misguided, misleading, and cruel. This often stems from lack of bias-reducing measures, poorly planned experiments, inappropriate statistical tests, poor reporting on animal attrition (why animals are dropped from studies) and poor reporting of pain relief in lab animals. For example, scientists were able to put an end to the polio disease due to 100 years of medical research on animals. Human bodies are, however, much more complex hence the need for higher animals. Animals should be treated with … They gave their lives for nothing! Approximately 28.2% of animals used for research do not get exposed to experimental treatment while alive and have to be put down to gain tissue and cells. Share on google. Help us create more great content. Vaccination strategies for fatal diseases like bovine tuberculosis, leucosis, and distemper were all developed through animal experimentation. Related Discussions . Animal experiments are cruel, unreliable, and even dangerous The harmful use of animals in experiments is not only cruel but also often ineffective. Should Animal Testing Be Banned. When the drug progressed to clinical trials it failed, it simply did not work. Mice make up 68% of animals used for testing, while rats make up 13% of the total number of animals used for testing. SHARE THIS ARTICLE: This week, our new report on the alternatives available to animal testing was presented to scientists at the 10th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences in Seattle. 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